A race against the clock, the time trial is a “kilo” for Men and 500 meters for Women. Qualifying rounds are organised in two-up heats to select the 8 best riders. In the finals, each rider take the track alone.
The bike is locked in a starting gate and riders must time their first pedal stroke to match the gate release. From a standing start they must quickly get up to maximum speed and maintain it for the distance.
Sarah LEE Wai-sze won gold and silver in the women’s 500 metre time trial at the 2013 World Championships in Belarus and the 2016 World Championships in London respectively.
SPRINT (OLYMPIC EVENT)
One of the most traditional track cycling events, the individual sprint is a skillful and tactical event.
A typical sprinting competition divides into qualifying and a series of final race. Qualifying race sees individual riders timed over the flying 200-meter distance and seeded according to their qualifying times. Starting position is determined by drawing lots in the knock-down rounds, in which riders compete in three laps. The first rider over the line wins, best of three races wins the match. No repechage rounds.
Keys of track sprinting are not just strength and speed, but also tactics. Sudden and strategic changes of speed, stand still attempts and feints are typical ways of surprising the opponent.
TEAM SPRINT (OLYMPIC EVENT)
The team sprint pits two teams of three riders (two riders for Women) against the clock and each other over three laps (two laps for Women) of the track. 8 best teams are selected from the qualifying heats on the basis of their times, and proceed to the first competition round. The fatest two teams from the competition round race in the gold medal final, while the next two firstest contest the bronze medal final.
The task of the starting rider is to get out of the gate cleanly and bring the team up to a high speed as quickly as possible. After one lap the first cyclist peels off to allow the next rider to make the pace. The leading rider must not swing up until a full lap is complete and must peel off no later than within 15 meters after the pursuit line, otherwise the team will be relegated to the last place in that stage of the competition.
It is an endurance event. The goal is to ride the fastest time over the distance. The event is held over 4km for Men and 3km for Women. The riders start on opposite sides of the track.
Best 4 riders are selected from the qualifying rounds. The riders with the two best time ride off in the final for first and second place, while the two other ride off in the final for third and forth places. During qualifying rounds, all riders complete the distance to post a time but in the finals, if a rider overtakes their opponent, he/she is declared the winner.
TEAM PURSUIT (OLYMPIC EVENT)
This is a true test of technical skill, tactics and teamwork. Four cyclists, to race 4km for both Men and Women, line up and their success relies on how well they work together. The time is taken on the front wheel of the third rider to cross the line.
The rider on the front must keep the pace as high as possible but not ride so fast that they surge away from their teammates. The cyclists must ride as close as possible to the rear wheel of the rider in front of them to gain every possible aerodynamic benefit but make sure they don’t touch wheels. The riders swing up the track at the end of their “turn” on the front leaving the next rider to set the pace.
KEIRIN (OLYMPIC EVENT)
Keirin features speed, strength and courage. It is raced over a distance of 1,500 meters (6 laps) with a maximum field of seven riders. A moped paces the field over the first 750 meters, starting off at 30km/h and bringing the riders up to 50km/h (Women’s event 25-45km/h). Riders must take their positions determined by the draw, directly behind the moped for at least the first lap. No cyclist is permitted to pass the moped, which departs with 3 laps remaining, and then the battle begins.
Local athlete Sarah LEE Wai-sze won the bronze medal in the event in 2012 Olympic Games in London, which was the first Olympic medal in cycling for Hong Kong.
Commencing with a massed start of competitors, the scratch race is one of the most exciting events in track cycling. Cyclists race on the track for 15km (10km for Women) with the placings determined during the final sprint, taking into account any laps gained. Tactics are important in this event with endurance riders keeping the pace fast and furious in an effort to eliminate the sprint specialists, who in turn will try and shelter within the group to conserve their energy for the final sprint.
The final ten laps are where the courage, skill, positioning and tenacity of the competitors comes to the fore as the fast finishing field prepares for the final sprint. Riders overtaken by the main bunch must immediately leave the track.
Local legend, WONG Kam-po, was the gold medalist of 15km Scratch Race at 2007 Track World Championships, winning the first “Rainbow jersey” for Hong Kong. Marco KWOK Ho-ting won the title in the same event 4 years later.
A mass start race, 40km for Men and 25km for Women, where rider sprints for points occur every ten laps, with 5, 3, 2 and 1 point(s) being awarded to the first four riders to cross the line in each sprint. Points awarded in the last sprint after the full distance are doubled. Riders win or lose 20 points by gaining or losing a lap. Rider with the most points accumulated at the finish wins.
Teams of 2 riders compete 50km, 200 laps (30km for Women). While one team member races, the other slows down and cirle the top of the track to take a rest. The rider must touch (with a hand sling) his/her teammate to change over and propel him/her into the race.
Teams score points at the intermediate sprints held every 10 laps. The points scale is the same as that of Points Race. The team with the most points accumulated at the finish wins.
OMNIUM (OLYMPIC EVENT)
The Omnium is made up of 4 events. They, in order, are Scratch (10km for Men, 7.5km for Women), Tempo Race (10km for Men, 7.5km for Women), Elimination and Points Race (25km for Men, 20km for Women). It is held over one day.
During the Tempo Race, sprints are conducted every lap after the first 5 laps. After completion of the first 4 laps, the bell is rung to indicate start of the sprint laps. Winner of each sprint is awarded 1 points, including the final sprint. Rider who gains a lap on the main field is awarded 4 points. Rider who is caught up by the main peloton must immediately leave the track.
Points accumulated by riders over the first 3 events, on the basis of the points scale, 40 points to the winner, 38 points to the second place and 36 points to the third place and so on, are added up.
Points earned from the Points Race are directly added to the total scores. The rider who has the highest total of points at the end of the 4th event wins, therefore, Points Race is a criticial event in the Omnium.